Salesforce Announces Record Fourth Quarter and Full Year Fiscal 2018 Results
Raises FY19 Revenue Guidance by $150 Million to $12.60 Billion to $12.65 Billion
• Fourth Quarter Revenue of $2.85 Billion, up 24% Year-Over-Year, 21% in Constant Currency
• Full Year Revenue of $10.48 Billion, up 25% Year-Over-Year, 24% in Constant Currency
• Deferred Revenue of $7.09 Billion, up 28% Year-Over-Year, 25% in Constant Currency
• Unbilled Deferred Revenue of Approximately $13.3 Billion, up 48% Year-Over-Year
• Fourth Quarter Operating Cash Flow of $1.05 Billion, up 49% Year-Over-Year
• Full Year Operating Cash Flow of $2.74 Billion, up 27% Year-Over-Year
SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. – Feb. 28, 2018 – Salesforce (NYSE: CRM), the global leader in CRM, today announced results for its fiscal fourth quarter and full fiscal year ended January 31, 2018.
“We had an outstanding quarter of growth that propelled Salesforce over the $10 billion revenue milestone for the year,” said Marc Benioff, chairman and CEO, Salesforce. “No other enterprise software company has achieved this scale faster than Salesforce. Our relentless focus on customer success continues to strengthen our position as the global leader in CRM.”
Salesforce delivered the following results for its fiscal fourth quarter and full fiscal year 2018:
Revenue: Total fourth quarter revenue was $2.85 billion, an increase of 24% year-over-year, and 21% in constant currency. Subscription and support revenues were $2.66 billion, an increase of 26% year-over-year. Professional services and other revenues were $196 million, an increase of 7% year-over-year.
Full fiscal year 2018 revenue was $10.48 billion, an increase of 25% year-over-year, and 24% in constant currency. Subscription and support revenues were $9.71 billion, an increase of 25% year-over-year. Professional services and other revenues were $769 million, an increase of 21% year-over-year.
Earnings per Share: Fourth quarter GAAP diluted earnings per share was $0.09, and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share was $0.35. Earnings per share benefitted by $0.02 related to net realized gains from strategic investments in the fourth quarter. For the full fiscal year 2018, GAAP diluted earnings per share was $0.17, and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share was $1.35.
Cash: Cash generated from operations for the fourth quarter was $1.05 billion, an increase of 49% year-over-year. Cash generated from operations for the full fiscal year 2018 was $2.74 billion, an increase of 27% year-over-year. Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities finished the fourth quarter at $4.52 billion.
Deferred Revenue: Deferred revenue on the balance sheet as of January 31, 2018 was $7.09 billion, an increase of 28% year-over-year, and 25% in constant currency. Unbilled deferred revenue, representing business that is contracted but unbilled and off balance sheet, ended the fourth quarter at approximately $13.3 billion, up 48% year-over-year.
As of February 28, 2018, the company is initiating revenue, earnings per share, and deferred revenue guidance for its first quarter of fiscal year 2019. In addition, the company is raising its full fiscal year 2019 revenue guidance previously provided on November 21, 2017. The company is also initiating earnings per share guidance and operating cash flow guidance for its full fiscal year 2019. The guidance below does not reflect the impact of new accounting standards ASC 606, ASC 340-40 and ASU 2016-01 and is based on estimated GAAP tax rates that reflect the company’s currently available information, including its anticipated impact of the new Tax Act and interpretations thereof, as well as other factors and assumptions.
Q1 FY19 Guidance: Revenue is projected to be $2.925 billion to $2.935 billion, an increase of 23% year-over-year.
GAAP diluted earnings per share is projected to be $0.09 to $0.10, while non-GAAP diluted earnings per share is projected to be $0.43 to $0.44.
On balance sheet deferred revenue growth is projected to be 23% to 24% year-over-year.
Full Year FY19 Guidance: Revenue is projected to be $12.6 billion to $12.65 billion, an increase of 20% to 21% year-over-year.
GAAP diluted earnings per share is projected to be $0.61 to $0.63, while non-GAAP diluted earnings per share is projected to be $2.02 to $2.04.
Operating cash flow growth is projected to be 20% to 21% year-over-year.
The following is a per share reconciliation of GAAP diluted earnings per share to non-GAAP diluted earnings per share guidance for the next quarter and the full year:
For additional information regarding non-GAAP financial measures see the reconciliation of results and related explanations below.
Quarterly Conference Call
Salesforce will host a conference call at 2:00 p.m. (PT) / 5:00 p.m. (ET) today to discuss its financial results with the investment community. A live web broadcast of the event will be available on the Salesforce Investor Relations website at www.salesforce.com/investor. A live dial-in is available domestically at 866-901-SFDC or 866-901-7332 and internationally at 706-902-1764, passcode 9190744. A replay will be available at (800) 585-8367 or (855) 859-2056 until midnight (ET) Mar. 30, 2018.
Salesforce, the global leader in CRM, empowers companies to connect with their customers in a whole new way. Salesforce has headquarters in San Francisco, with offices in Europe and Asia, and trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol \"CRM.\" For more information about Salesforce, visit: www.salesforce.com.
\"Safe harbor\" statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: This press release contains forward-looking statements about our financial results, which may include expected GAAP and non-GAAP financial and other operating and non-operating results, including revenue, net income, diluted earnings per share, operating cash flow growth, operating margin improvement, deferred revenue growth, expected revenue growth, expected tax rates, stock-based compensation expenses, amortization of purchased intangibles, amortization of debt discount and shares outstanding. The achievement or success of the matters covered by such forward-looking statements involves risks, uncertainties and assumptions. If any such risks or uncertainties materialize or if any of the assumptions prove incorrect, the company’s results could differ materially from the results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements we make.
The risks and uncertainties referred to above include -- but are not limited to -- risks associated with the effect of general economic and market conditions; the impact of foreign currency exchange rate and interest rate fluctuations on our results; our business strategy and our plan to build our business, including our strategy to be the leading provider of enterprise cloud computing applications and platforms; the pace of change and innovation in enterprise cloud computing services; the competitive nature of the market in which we participate; our international expansion strategy; our service performance and security, including the resources and costs required to prevent, detect and remediate potential security breaches; the expenses associated with new data centers and third-party infrastructure providers; additional data center capacity; real estate and office facilities space; our operating results and cash flows; new services and product features; our strategy of acquiring or making investments in complementary businesses, joint ventures, services, technologies and intellectual property rights; the performance and fair value of our investments in complementary businesses through our strategic investment portfolio; our ability to realize the benefits from strategic partnerships and investments; our ability to successfully integrate acquired businesses and technologies; our ability to continue to grow and maintain deferred revenue and unbilled deferred revenue; our ability to protect our intellectual property rights; our ability to develop our brands; our reliance on third-party hardware, software and platform providers; our dependency on the development and maintenance of the infrastructure of the Internet; the effect of evolving domestic and foreign government regulations, including those related to the provision of services on the Internet, those related to accessing the Internet, and those addressing data privacy and import and export controls; the valuation of our deferred tax assets; the potential availability of additional tax assets in the future; the impact of new accounting pronouncements and tax laws, including the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, and interpretations thereof; uncertainties affecting our ability to estimate our non-GAAP tax rate; the impact of expensing stock options and other equity awards; the sufficiency of our capital resources; factors related to our outstanding convertible notes, revolving credit facility, term loan and loan associated with 50 Fremont; compliance with our debt covenants and capital lease obligations; current and potential litigation involving us; and the impact of climate change.
Further information on these and other factors that could affect the company’s financial results is included in the reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K and in other filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time. These documents are available on the SEC Filings section of the Investor Information section of the company’s website at www.salesforce.com/investor.
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Non-GAAP Financial Measures: This press release includes information about non-GAAP diluted earnings per share, non-GAAP tax rates, non-GAAP free cash flow, and constant currency revenue and constant currency deferred revenue growth rates (collectively the “non-GAAP financial measures”). These non-GAAP financial measures are measurements of financial performance that are not prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and computational methods may differ from those used by other companies. Non-GAAP financial measures are not meant to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for comparable GAAP measures and should be read only in conjunction with the company’s consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Management uses both GAAP and non-GAAP measures when planning, monitoring, and evaluating the company’s performance.
The primary purpose of using non-GAAP measures is to provide supplemental information that may prove useful to investors and to enable investors to evaluate the company’s results in the same way management does. Management believes that supplementing GAAP disclosure with non-GAAP disclosure provides investors with a more complete view of the company’s operational performance and allows for meaningful period-to-period comparisons and analysis of trends in the company’s business. Further, to the extent that other companies use similar methods in calculating non-GAAP measures, the provision of supplemental non-GAAP information can allow for a comparison of the company’s relative performance against other companies that also report non-GAAP operating results.
Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share excludes, to the extent applicable, the impact of the following items: stock-based compensation, amortization of acquisition-related intangibles, amortization of acquired leases, the net amortization of debt discount on the company’s convertible senior notes, gains/losses on conversions of the company’s convertible senior notes, gains/losses on sales of land and building improvements, gains/losses on company-initiated acquisitions of entities in which the company held an equity investment, and termination of office leases, as well as income tax adjustments. These items are excluded because the decisions that give rise to them are not made to increase revenue in a particular period, but instead for the company’s long-term benefit over multiple periods.
Specifically, management is excluding the following items from its non-GAAP earnings per share, as applicable, for the periods presented in the Q4 FY18 financial statements and for its non-GAAP estimates for Q1 and FY19:
• Stock-Based Expenses: The company’s compensation strategy includes the use of stock-based compensation to attract and retain employees and executives. It is principally aimed at aligning their interests with those of our stockholders and at long-term employee retention, rather than to motivate or reward operational performance for any particular period. Thus, stock-based compensation expense varies for reasons that are generally unrelated to operational decisions and performance in any particular period.
• Amortization of Purchased Intangibles and Acquired Leases: The company views amortization of acquisition- and building-related intangible assets, such as the amortization of the cost associated with an acquired company’s research and development efforts, trade names, customer lists and customer relationships, and acquired lease intangibles, as items arising from pre-acquisition activities determined at the time of an acquisition. While these intangible assets are continually evaluated for impairment, amortization of the cost of purchased intangibles is a static expense, one that is not typically affected by operations during any particular period.
• Amortization of Debt Discount: Under GAAP, certain convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash (or other assets) on conversion are required to be separately accounted for as liability (debt) and equity (conversion option) components of the instrument in a manner that reflects the issuer’s non-convertible debt borrowing rate. Accordingly, for GAAP purposes we are required to recognize imputed interest expense on the company’s $1.15 billion of convertible senior notes due in April 2018 that were issued in a private placement in March 2013. The imputed interest rate was approximately 2.5% for the convertible notes due 2018, while the actual coupon interest rate of the notes is 0.25%. The difference between the imputed interest expense and the coupon interest expense, net of the interest amount capitalized, is excluded from management’s assessment of the company’s operating performance because management believes that this non-cash expense is not indicative of ongoing operating performance.
• Gains on Acquisitions of Strategic Investments: The company views gains on sales of its strategic investments resulting from acquisitions initiated by the company in which an equity interest was previously held as discrete events and not indicative of operational performance during any particular period.
• Income Tax Effects and Adjustments: The company utilizes a fixed long-term projected non-GAAP tax rate in order to provide better consistency across the interim reporting periods by eliminating the effects of items such as changes in the tax valuation allowance and tax effects of acquisitions-related costs, since each of these can vary in size and frequency. When projecting this long-term rate, the company evaluated a three-year financial projection that excludes the direct impact of the following non-cash items: stock-based expenses, amortization of purchased intangibles and acquired leases, amortization of debt discount, and gains on acquisitions of strategic investments. The projected rate also assumes no new acquisitions in the three-year period, and considers other factors including the company’s expected tax structure, its tax positions in various jurisdictions and key legislation in major jurisdictions where the company operates. For fiscal 2018, after evaluating the impact of the 2017 U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Act”) for the period from enactment of the Tax Act on December 22, 2017 to fiscal year end, the company concluded that its previously disclosed non-GAAP tax rate of 34.5 percent remained appropriate. For fiscal 2019, the company has determined that its projected non-GAAP tax rate will be 21.5 percent, which reflects currently available information, including the anticipated impact of the Tax Act and interpretations thereof, as well as other factors and assumptions. The non-GAAP tax rate could be subject to change for a variety of reasons, including the company’s ongoing analysis of the Tax Act over the measurement period, the rapidly evolving global tax environment, significant changes in the company’s geographic earnings mix including due to acquisition activity, or other changes to the company’s strategy or business operations. The company will re-evaluate its long-term rate as appropriate.
The company defines the non-GAAP measure free cash flow as GAAP net cash provided by operating activities, less capital expenditures. For this purpose, capital expenditures does not include our strategic investments, nor does it include any costs or activities related to our purchase of 50 Fremont land and building, and building - leased facilities.