Neelie Kroes has served as a Director since May 2016. Ms. Kroes is the former VP of the European Commission, European Commissioner for Competition, and European Commissioner for Digital Agenda. Ms. Kroes served as Commissioner for Competition from 2004 to 2010 and as VP and Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society from 2010 to 2014. Prior to joining the European Commission, Ms. Kroes served in the Dutch House of Representatives and as State Secretary and Cabinet Minister. Within the past five years, Ms. Kroes served on the advisory boards of Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, and Uber Technologies, Inc. She previously served on the boards of Lucent Netherlands, AB Volvo, and McDonald’s Netherlands, and was Chairperson of Nyenrode University. Ms. Kroes received her M.S. in economics from Erasmus University.